Activities of daily living (ADL)

These are the routine every-day activities that people tend do without needing assistance. There are six basic ADLs: eating, bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring (walking) and continence.

Activity monitoring

This is the use of technology to collect data on the activity and tasks that an individual performs. The technology may monitor the person directly and/or their interaction with objects in the home.

Ambient assisted living

This is a technology-enabled approach to extending the time people can live independently either in their home or in their communities by increasing their autonomy and self-confidence. The technology, often working in the background, supports individuals to perform everyday activities, as well as monitor their safety and provide care and support when required.


A mobile operating system developed by Google, and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

App (application)

A self-contained program or piece of software designed to fulfil a particular purpose; an application, especially as downloaded by a user to a mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet computer.

Application programming interface (API)

A set of functions and procedures that allow the creation of software applications which access the features or data of an operating system, application, or service.


The processing of understanding wants, needs and risks, and of identifying potential solutions to ensure that support choices are appropriate to the individual being assessed, their circumstances and what is important to them.

Bed occupancy sensor

Bed occupancy sensors are used to detect when someone gets into and out of their bed and to notify a responder if, for example, someone exits their bed during the night or if they do not go to, or get out of bed by a certain time. They can also be used to provide daily routine data as part of an activity monitoring system. Learn more.

Big data

This refers to extremely large data sets that may be analysed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behaviour and interactions.